Reform and opening up 30 years Control Engineering Copyright , the root cause of sustained and rapid economic growth in China, is to establish a manufacturing strategy for a national conditions, namely the use of China’s labor advantage and market advantage on a global scale participation in the international division of labor, into the value chain, to become a “world factory.” From a historical point of view, the rise and fall of a great relationship and industrialized country’s economic strength, the transfer is a manufacturing position transition of economic power based on power. Therefore, to enhance the overall national strength and competitiveness of the Chinese economy, we rely on the process of industrialization and the rise of the manufacturing sector, in order to establish the world’s most complete industrial categories, the largest and most capable of supporting manufacturing system. But after thirty years of development in recent years, China’s manufacturing industry is facing multiple challenges. On the one hand, German industry made 4.0 as a symbol, the world entered a new round of industrial revolution and the Competitiveness period of rapid development. Europe and other advanced manufacturing countries have put forward their strategic emerging industry development strategy, in order to snatch the high-end manufacturing competitive high ground in the digital age. On the other hand, China’s manufacturing labor cost advantage on which development is with the demographic changes and gradually lost. Wages of ordinary workers continued to rise rapidly, the southeast coastal areas of recruitment difficulties and labor more expensive, and that leads China’s labor-intensive manufacturing industries to start a new transfer, flow to Southeast Asia and other countries.
manufacturing industry as a great power struggle in the global field of science and industry competition, the use of advanced manufacturing technology for the provincial people, improve efficiency, reduce costs, become the manufacturing transformation and upgrading and sustainable development of the proper meaning, China can not miss this a restructuring of economic opportunities. At the same time, the emerging middle-class consumers become more sophisticated in terms of product manufacturing quality, functionality and design requirements, not only to meet the basic use value, but also have a certain aesthetic, fashion and even artistic value, which is a personalized consumer experience and psychology to meet changing demand side of Forced supply side products of high quality, personalized, customized, fast iterative development direction. Thus, in 2015 the State Council issued “Made in China 2025” strategy to promote China’s transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power, but also the general secretary Xi Jinping stressed that in the nineteenth Congress report, on the one hand to accelerate the development of advanced manufacturing, and promote the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and the real economy, the depth of integration; on the other hand to support the optimization and upgrading of traditional industries, and promote China’s industrial value into the worldChain of high-end, foster a number of world-class advanced manufacturing clusters. In the implementation of this new series development concepts and strategies, transformation of China’s manufacturing industry gradually clear path, namely to promote change through the promotion of production “machine substitutions” and the construction of industrial internet for industrial automation, information technology transformation of the main content, intelligent manufacturing. Substitution machine as early as 1970-1980, the United States, Japan and other countries proposed the concept of industrial automation, the main problem is to solve the adverse effects on human and industrial manufacturing environment caused by production, such as waste of resources, production and instability changes and so on. Due to low labor costs in the past China, the economic benefits of large-scale automation is not obvious, there is no need to vigorously promote. But in “labor shortage” impact “machine substitutions” has become inevitable, is the core of industrial transformation, but also the foundation for the development of the Internet industry. Internet industry refers to industrial and ecological applications of Internet and next-generation information technology and comprehensive industrial system formed by the depth of integration, integrated information infrastructure is the key to the development of intelligent industry. Its essence is the machinery, raw materials, control systems, network interconnection between information systems, products and people, based on industry data through the full depth perception, real-time transmission and exchange, fast calculation processing and advanced modeling analysis, from a single machine production lines and intelligent decision to dynamic optimization, workshops and the whole factory. Thus, the industrial development of the Internet is based on the manufacturing process automation, information technology, the trend data, intelligence. Guangdong Province, since 2014, governments have introduced policies to promote technological transformation of enterprises, the “machine Substitution ” Substitution equipment”, such as Dongguan Municipal Government launched in August 2014 “on speeding up the promotion of industrial opinions of the development of intelligent robotics equipment industry “,” Dongguan City to promote enterprise “machine Substitution ‘action plan (2014-2016)”, “” Substitution machine “to fund management approach.” Foshan municipal government “Foshan to support enterprises to promote robotics and intelligent equipment application implementation plan (2015-2017 years)” in May 2015; the Guangdong provincial government to develop “smart manufacturing in Guangdong Province Development Plan (2015-2025 in July 2015 ). ” From the effect of promoting policy perspective, in 2017, Guangdong Province, has manufacturing robot 156 key enterprises, the province’s industrial robot production 20,662 units, up 50.2%Accounting for 16% of national output, to maintain about 80,000 units. Specifically, in Dongguan, from September 2014 to January 2017 enterprises to declare the “machine substitutions” special fund projects a total of 2698, total financial investment of about 38.6 billion new Taiwan equipment and instruments 76315, and the number of investment projects It is the first in Guangdong Province. In Foshan 2015 Year – 2017 organized a total of 160 million yuan municipal finance funds to support 368 projects, driven more than 400 above-scale enterprises to carry out ‘machine Substitution’, robotics more than 7,000 units. On this basis, beginning in 2017, the first nationwide deployment of Guangdong ahead of the layout of the development of the Internet industry, as the real economy and the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing the new engine point, to achieve high-quality development through the promotion of enterprise digital transformation. March 2018 “Guangdong deepening” Internet + Advanced Manufacturing on “implementation plan industrial development of the Internet” and “support enterprises in Guangdong Province” cloud platform “to accelerate the development of a number of Internet industry support policies (2018-2020)” issued, expected through policy guidance, Guangdong will promote the ten thousand industrial enterprises rely on the implementation of digital platforms, network-based intelligent upgrade, driven 200,000 enterprise “cloud platform” and reduce the cost of building the information. Objective “cloud platform” is to achieve design, production control, equipment control, process improvement, energy optimization, data supply chain collaboration and other manufacturing aspects of interoperability and device terminal, management of end open, the data will automatically determine decision-making in all aspects of production systems, production chain of upstream and downstream integration, the ultimate goal is to analyze the data to forecast demand, forecast manufacture, use data to integrate the industry chain and value chain, creating new knowledge and values. With direction exploration of manufacturing processes and commercial activities become more complex, it relies on the experience and analysis of people have been unable to meet such a complex management and collaborative optimization needs, so large data inevitable rise in the industrial field. Big data is an important feature of the Internet industry, because in the process “machine substitution”, the controller automation equipment will produce large amounts of data, with the development of sensor technology and communication technology to collect real-time data acquisition costs have not again high, and the rise of the embedded system technology, low power consumption semiconductor, a processor, such as cloud computing device computing capability significantly improved, with the ability to handle large real-time data. Internet industry by collecting pay for massive dataIn other words, the edge integration of heterogeneous data processing, machine data is calculated, curing iterative empirical model, based on computational analysis of large data cloud, implementation, coordination of enterprise information, accurate calculation of user needs and market complex analysis of the production site conditions, thus control instructions form of business operations management decision-making and machine operation, and optimization of intelligent drive from machinery and equipment, operation and management of commercial activities. Industrial robots and other automated equipment interoperability, collect, analyze production data is the direction of development of China’s Internet industry is widely recognized. But how to use the major industrial data mining commercial value needs further through the market test. So at this stage we should still strengthen the Internet infrastructure industry, particularly in enabling small and medium manufacturing enterprises, and gradually increase the level of its automation, information technology, improve production efficiency and find new business models, data utilization. While the Internet industry is still a new thing, but I found in the research, sector enterprises in Guangdong have begun to actively use the Internet industry to the digital transition, in addition to the application of industrial robots and other automated equipment, more and more companies began to introduce enterprise resource planning (ERP) and manufacturing execution systems (MES). ERP is designed primarily for manufacturing sectors of material resources, financial resources and information resources integration integrated enterprise information management system, its main functions include supply chain management, sales and marketing, distribution, customer service, financial management, manufacturing management, inventory management, plant and equipment maintenance, human resources, reporting, manufacturing execution systems, workflow services and enterprise information systems. MES is the transmission of information through the entire production process to achieve an order to optimize the complete product management. MES production process need to collect large amounts of data in real-time, real-time event and make timely treatment, while maintaining two-way communication capability and planning and control layers, accepts the corresponding data from the upper and lower levels and feedback the results and the production order. This mode of production to manufacturing systems planning and scheduling, tracking, monitoring and control, material flow, quality management, equipment control and computer integrated manufacturing interface as a whole to consider, to the final implementation of automated manufacturing processes. MES has great potential and room for development in addressing the issue of Chinese manufacturers pain points. The current pain points facing problems mainly include manufacturing companies due to the production schedule can not grasp, maintenance of equipment in a passive wait state, inadequate staff skills,The production of abnormal slowness, clear tail reflect slow orders, production scheduling can not reach a single production line, delivery cycle is too long, resulting in orders can not be delivered on schedule. Because of the uneven employee skills, product change for a long time, on-site intelligence department issues reaction is too slow, abnormal data can not be promptly reported, resulting in low productivity. Since the first article inspection, saying the key positions uncontrolled, defective products rework, rework process is not strictly enforced, customer complaints can not be traced to specific jobs and no material, no data analysis system, improved results can not be verified, quality problems caused by frequency hair. As the material loss at random, not able to adjust staffing according to the production process, in a large number of products, can not be quickly resolved, handmade Statistics reports heavy workload, time difference, caused by high manufacturing costs. For example, in Guangdong Shunde, home appliance manufacturing industry has the advantage of a complete industrial chain, but the consumer market for product quality, higher demands. SMEs how to solve the low plant efficiency, excessive job site personnel, plant logistics long distance and other issues become a priority. Practice shows that the MES system will lead to the application of internal efficiency will increase, management and control of defective products, all aspects of management are on a higher level. For SMEs, the industry embrace the Internet, is not unattainable, there are platform vendors have introduced a more “small, fine, light” system rental service, just a few million a year that companies can accurately solve production pain points question the whole process. He once told a well-known MES Guangdong enterprise product manager for in-depth exchanges, this lean intelligent plant system solutions provider, mainly for small and medium manufacturing enterprises shop floor management, Internet-based industry, micro-services, cloud computing, networking, big data technology architecture provides a low-cost, quick deployment, easy operation and maintenance of SAAS applications, achieve shop floor data, transparency, improve production efficiency, reduce production costs, reduce material waste, enhance quality control. “Internet service using JAWA micro architecture with model lease, ready-to-use, pay-per-year, so the overall cost is very low, companies are able to withstand, low-cost, quick deployment, easy operation and maintenance, which is the charm of the Internet industry lies. ” But the only way a problem needs to be pointed out that, although in recent years of high-tech and strategic emerging industries developed rapidly, but it is not enough industrial scale, labor-intensive manufacturing is still the main body of China’s industrial development. Because it is export-oriented, such enterprises in the global price of basicLow-end value chain, the profit margin is not high, so be weak foundation of technological innovation, high risk, to further promote the Internet industry is very difficult. Plus our critical systems, software and hardware core technology ability of independent innovation, industrial big data, cloud and other industrial industry internet key technologies , platforms and applications is still in its infancy, small-scale, Function weak, leading many companies have concerns in the development of industrial automation and the Internet, still in a wait state. Although the Internet industry is considered the basis for a new industrial revolution, but implementation requires practical basis. From the evolution of global manufacturing technology point of view, from a semi-automatic Taylor – Fordism to Toyota’s lean production is a must, this is precisely the way to go China SMEs need to gradually increase the proportion of automated production, and strengthen lean management. I have a business line managers said that the implementation of the Internet industry should be based more on the basis of the accumulation of lean production. However, at present enterprises of different industry point of view, there are still many deficiencies in carrying out lean production. In this case, even if the application of the Internet industry, results received will be greatly reduced. So for these companies, in order to develop the Internet industry, we must first meeting Industrial 2.0 Industrial 3.0 class. Recalling the history of the world can be found in the manufacturing industries in developed countries, Japanese companies attach importance to organizational culture and people’s training, experience and knowledge of the production depends on the person’s accumulation, use and inheritance , so companies automation and information technology mainly around helping people to work carried out. But in recent years, the idea being challenged increasingly serious problem of aging. German companies focus on the escalating equipment and production systems, the production of knowledge on curing equipment, the main strategy to deal with shortages of labor, is to develop more advanced equipment and highly integrated automated production lines. As US power in the world of high-end manufacturing, its business in the best way to solve the problem of the focus on the role of data, not only the importance of data accumulated, more important is the importance of data analysis and business decisions from the data reflected management culture facts in mind. In addition, immigration has become an important means to solve labor shortages in manufacturing and knowledge of the issues, the United States specializes in high-end manufacturing subversion and redefine the problem, such as using the Internet to subvert the value system of industrial manufacturing, the use of digitalTechnology, new materials and new production methods (3D printing) to subvert the traditional manufacturing production. China’s manufacturing industry in order to occupy the new global science and technology, competition in the industry a good position, production and management process automation, information technology is the only way. Although faced with multiple challenges, but because China has established a relatively complete manufacturing system, coupled with information technology network continuously strengthened their foundation, manufacturing and Internet convergence deepening the further development of the Internet industry has laid a good foundation. Internet industry is essentially still have to rely on technology upgrading and improvement of industrial enterprises, and 5G mobile communications, networking, high performance computing, cloud computing and other advances in information technology, you can play a good supporting role to improve. Finally, Control Engineering Copyright , another bottleneck for future development of the Internet industry, is the lack of talent. Industry analysis of big data tools in addition to advanced algorithms, is more important it is to combine domain knowledge and application of the principles of the industrial scene. In other words, data analyst, not only to understand the algorithm is very smart, but also very understanding of the production system. Now businesses are not only understands the very lack of industrial production, but also understand the complexities of information technology, and such industry big data analytics training of personnel in a short time and very difficult to cultivate, this requires special attention www.cechina .cn , remains to the state, enterprises and research institutes and other parties to work together to solve common.