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China For the 21st consecutive year, in the countries with the most anti-dumping, nearly 40 countries around the world have implemented anti-dumping measures against China. In this context, the domestic tile trade has repeatedly hit the wall. If the ceramic tile industry wants to break the anti-dumping trade barriers, it must strengthen the brand building and the output of high-quality products. At the same time, it must rely on the support of national policies, and the trade of ceramic tiles can be smooth.
From the perspective of international economic and trade, China has always been bound by anti-dumping laws. From the actual situation, China’s “anti-dumping name” is not true, there are three main reasons behind this.
First, China’s market economy, labor costs, taxation and other factors are different from countries such as India. Although they are both developing countries, the conditions for restricting costs are different, and the price of exports is not comparable, so that China’s anti-dumping is unreasonable.
Second, the ceramic tile industry has long been marketized. There is no state-owned enterprise in the current ceramic tile industry. Even if it has been there, it has already been eliminated in the competition. The ceramic tile industry has nothing to do with anti-dumping lawsuits that have been identified as “planned economy and “government subsidies”. This view cannot be separated.
Third, dumping usually falls into two broad categories: “continuous dumping and “slow dumping”. Sales below the cost are usually for the purpose of hurting people, expelling competitors, and monopolizing the market, so they are subject to legal restrictions. However, the domestic ceramic tile industry is still in fierce competition, and there is neither a monopoly enterprise nor a domestic enterprise in the exporting country. Moreover, despite the low price of domestic ceramic tile exports, it still guarantees the profit of the company. Therefore, the identification of malicious low prices is also incorrect.
However, the positioning of the entire international trade is not transferred by industry or country. Despite the irrationality, Chinese ceramic tiles still carry the dumping pot on the export side.
A few days ago, the Spanish Ceramics Association ascer and the European Ceramics Association Association cet told the news conference that Chinese ceramic products imported from China to the entire EU region will be collected 30.6% to 69.7%. Tariffs, and this anti-dumping tariff extension will last for five years, that is, until November 2022.
The EU’s anti-dumping ruling on Chinese ceramic tiles began in 2010. Since then, the amount of ceramic tiles exported to the EU has been declining year by year. From 2009 to 2015, the total export volume of exports to Europe was 9.35% and 10.42 respectively. %, 7.10%, 5.56%, 5.11%, 4.95%, 3.29%, the proportion of exports is: 12.31%, 12.10%, 9.20%, 8.56%, 7%, 5.52%, 3.52%.
There is a lot of influence behind the decline in exports, but “anti-dumping is definitely one of the main reasons.
In those years, the dumping pot on the back of China’s ceramic industry
According to the statistics of the World Trade Organization, China has become the country with the most anti-dumping investigations for 21 consecutive years, and has become the country for 10 consecutive years. Countries that have experienced the most countervailing investigations. Before 1988, it was mainly concentrated in the United States, the European Union, Australia, Canada and other developed countries. After the 1990s, a group of developing countries, such as India, South Korea and Latin America, launched anti-dumping charges against China.
At present, nearly 40 countries around the world implement “anti-dumping against China”, including India, the Philippines, South Korea, Pakistan, the European Union, Thailand, Peru, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Tunisia and so on.
In 2017, in addition to the EU, India, Argentina, Pakistan and other countries have once again issued anti-dumping rulings or investigations against China.
India: In June, the Indian side decided to impose a five-year anti-dumping duty on Chinese products, with a tax rate of 0mdash; $1.87 per thousand square meters, excluding whole body bricks, microcrystalline stone and thin-plate tiles. Among them, six ceramic companies received separate tax rates, and 24 received an average tax rate of $0.79 per square meter. All other Chinese ceramic companies received a flat rate of 1.87 US dollars / square meter. As of January 22, 2017, all freight prepaid goods exported from China to China (excluding South China) will be subject to a 4.5% service tax.
Argentina: In May, the Argentine Production Ministry issued Resolution 396-E/2017, stating that it initiated an anti-dumping investigation against ceramic sanitary ware originating in China.
Pakistan: In February, the National Tariff Commission of Pakistan decided to impose a 5.21% & mdash; 59.18% temporary anti-dumping duty on wall tiles and floor tiles imported from China for a period of four months.
Mexico: Mexico has a price commitment policy. Ceramic products must be exported to Mexico. It must be no less than FOB 6.72/m2 or CIF 8.4/m2. Otherwise, additional high taxes will be imposed. .
Bangladesh: Currently, a VAT will be imposed on tiles.
UAE: Start & ldquo; anti-dumping investigation.
“The essence of anti-dumping is “non-tariff barriers”. From the perspective of anti-dumping taxes imposed on China, trade barriers are increasing. In China, it is “open source and thrifty, the production capacity is strong, and the output is hindered frequently.
The key to breaking down barriers lies in policy
In order to avoid imported products at lower prices,The economic damage of the producers, the WTO has formulated some “trade remedy measures”, and it is conceivable that they inevitably have the nature of “free trade”.
The most typical of these remedies is the anti-dumping clause, which states: If a member of a member state adopts this in international trade, it will be exported in the form of a wounded person (ie, “dumping”). Products, importing countries can file an anti-dumping lawsuit against these anti-dumping duties on goods that enter the domestic market at an abnormally low price.
Global trade is interoperable, that is, some countries are “anti-dumping,” and some do not. This also resulted in the “removal of anti-dumping methods” in the third country.
By replacing cabinets, certificate of origin and supporting export documents in third countries, ceramic tile products have the status of a third country, thereby avoiding anti-dumping duties. Usually, third countries choose Taiwan, Malaysia, Southeast Asia, or Transit through Singapore, with certificate of origin from Indonesia and Bangladesh.
This is a way to cure the problem. To break the trade barriers of anti-dumping, it is necessary to strengthen the brand building and the output of high-quality products. Behind its development, the country’s Policy Support. After all, “anti-dumping is a means of local economic protection that belongs to national policies.
Recently, Fuzhou Inspection and Quarantine Bureau issued the first China-Pakistan price commitment certificate of origin in Fujian to help companies avoid the anti-dumping duties of more than 13,000 US dollars. The Xiamen Inspection and Quarantine Bureau issued two certificates of origin for the price of Pakistan ceramic tile, with a value of US$39,500, which is exempt from the anti-dumping tax of US$15,000.
In October, Zibo Inspection and Quarantine Bureau issued the first CMB ceramic tile price commitment certificate of origin in Shandong Province to help companies avoid the anti-dumping tax of 2,110 US dollars. The Hunan Inspection and Quarantine Department issued certificates of origin for the two enterprises to help enterprises avoid paying high anti-dumping duties of 9.35%-36.35%. Guangdong Foshan Inspection and Quarantine Bureau issued the first national certificate of origin for the price of Pakistan ceramic tiles.
It seems that the trade in the ceramic tile industry will be smooth under the negotiation of the country.
In 2016, China’s ceramic tile exports were 5.531 billion US dollars, down 33.57% year-on-year. In 2017, 1— in July, China’s ceramic tile exports totaled 2.582 billion US dollars, down 19.98% year-on-year. It is expected that the total export volume will fall by nearly 30% this year. However, with the support of the country’s “One Belt, One Road” policy, the opportunity for the export of ceramic tiles may come.
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