Now known as the “revolution”, Industry 4.0 not just be to understand and grasp with our vision today, there must be future-oriented thinking can truly to understand it, and grasp the pulse of it. This change is not only technical, but also business transformation, is a comprehensive strength caused, including, the effect of capital strength, management thought the integration of industrial environmental technology advances, business model.
First question Professor Zeng Jinghe Chen Bing Huazhong University of Science investigate the primary problem, namely, what we are in order to promote this change. Obviously, we must focus on our customers needs, from the point of view of the industry value chain, consumer demand brought about changes in manufacturing, but manufacturing has brought demand for smart devices, the demand for automation, information technology proposed new challenges, which in turn extends to iT upstream sensor has brought changes in demand. This is an industry-led change, therefore, we must remember that primary question, namely:? What is the purpose regardless 4.0, manufacturing 2025 target is to achieve its aim must be to meet consumer demand for the product in the past, large volume production to reduce costs, on the other hand, customized means high prices and because small quantities can not be low-cost, low-volume and low prices are a natural contradiction, then, the so-called revolution, we must solve this problem, making the production of small quantities, but also be able to obtain lower costs, making “affordable” can be achieved. Demand is always the first question, because the purpose of production is to demand the aim is also to analyze large data derived changes in demand, while the use of intelligent robots in order not to value-added chain of consumption and production, improve flexibility. Two face balance issues in the 4.0 era of ubiquitous, such as: safety and productivity of security system balance can be shut down production in the era of stand-alone security mechanisms, this does not affect production, but CONTROL ENGINEERING China Rights All , integrated production, then the chance of a machine stop safety impact of other machines, which poses a potential problem -? how to design production systems 4.0 era security systems thinking and system integration of systems thinking is covered the entire industrial design framework 4.0, the systemic means on the one hand, is based on a framework to solve the whole way to illustrate the relationship between the various units, which was the most in a three-dimensional system in industry 4.0To clarify the description, from the vertical, horizontal and life cycle of three dimensions to build the system, vertical solutions is an information flow from the bottom to the top of the relations and interfaces and data exchange between the front and rear of the value chain to address the level of coordination and , places and life cycle of a dynamic manner set forth in the various stages of the mission focus, method and interface issues.
Thus, while the overall industry 4.0 can not leave the mutilation as a product, some sort of solution, but on this day the purpose of the architecture to achieve, namely how to achieve customized personalized, reached base element to change business model, and therefore , there is not a product called meet industry 4.0 product, the exact definition should be a product to meet a particular standard, this standard is a task or process to meet the 4.0 architecture. Systems thinking is we compare lacking, we often choose more competitive -A better idea of the company’s products and Company B’s product performance, lower price this comparison, but can not increase the amount of assessment to global, from our point European customers of supplier evaluation system, we can see their global and structured thinking. A company’s ability to be a combination, rather than a combination of comparison, the competitiveness of individual figures, including the index of technology, capacity (the ability to implement the project, algorithmic design), cost (procurement, operating costs, depreciation and other financial assets factor), not a single simple measure to be defined, and the same 4.0 era must be based on a global rather than a single point of assessment for the description of the system. Value is a combination, including measurable indicators and fuzzy functions, service indicators, but CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , after a 4.0 standard system, all this will be exposed to quantifiable system, each company advertised value will be calculated logic, which will bring new value to achieve, rather than the past simple product, price concept. We will use a digital servo digital, computer acquisition, MES and other production system called “digital system”, understood as a simple PC-based technology is the digital system , for personal digital the understanding is not entirely so, because the computer here, is a digital collection of tools, and digital true is from the “lean production”, which is the Japanese 70–80 years by pushingLine production management system, which will carry out the entire production process of a subdivision, will eliminate waste, reduce costs and improve the quality of its set goals, using the standard operating standards and operating the entire production digitized, although no computer information systems, but CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , we can continue to improve the entire production through appropriate tools, forms, statistical methods.
Today, traditional reporting, statistical methods in a simple way the computer information system of the processing, computerized, but CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , its origin – that is, how to divide the process develop standards, promote the improvement does not reduce the value-added part of the production chain, how to maximize the efficient use of equipment associated with these parameters, models, analytical methods, it is the real origin of digital. Our business without this process, and will be launched computer information systems ERP, MES as digital, which is the practice at the end of this chase homes, in order to truly realize intelligent manufacturing, must make “lean manufacturing” concept of life cycle safety courses is a typical life cycle concept, security technology includes risk assessment, system planning, security, programming, testing, certification, operation, demolition and other aspects, the concept of full life cycle means that not one part of CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , but the entire lifecycle must meet testing and certification, therefore, can not exist in the sense that a better product than the other products on the concept of the traditional sense, but the system includes all aspects: through the certification is a security system hardware, software, operation, and this security system is not absolute, but to meet the extremely low probability statistically. By providing a more integrated system also makes the complexity of the system can be improved, this time, the business becomes more global requirements for automation systems, to meet the entire life cycle costing. Openness openness to include more meaning in it, rather than simply explained, in a sense, some companies claimed an open system is not truly open system. An open system is open to more than one dimension, not just declaredOpen: ① ability to support third-party systems: For automated systems is the ability to interface supports bus, but CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , where there is a contradiction, companies prefer to use a closed system to protect their own interests, and customers prefer open systems to ensure their right to choose. ② open software: openness can be expressed as more people are supported, such as the PLCopen Motion, XML, Logic, OPC UA, etc., which is supported by more companies can be called open. ③ ability to support open software: support for capacity MATLAB / Simulink, AutoCAD, PDF format, Excel files, etc. Software also reflects the openness of an important part, because the software from the open world easier for the user to accept, and more widely used, learn, use, maintenance costs are very low, therefore, a system must have the ability. Industry 4.0 The consumer world, technology commercial products in the field of industrial automation and extends to the production system, on the other hand, the application of consumer and industrial world will be interconnected world, a large amount of data needs to CRM, to extend the application of MES.
④ open source technologies: Unlike the IT world, automation is relatively closed, there is little open source technology, on the one hand, with stable and reliable system requirements related, but CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , in many applications program areas, iT can achieve it open source, such as Google, Microsoft and other leading companies will open source its software in order to allow more companies use led to the development of its potential users, to achieve a broader industry push. 4.0 In the new era, to get a technology to promote, by means of compulsory power of Open Source to a wider range of users, any idea caught in the hands of profiteering would be inappropriate, even today we are still in it, but [ 123] CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright this change will quietly CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , warm boiled frog mean, when you’re consciousTo this question when, perhaps too late. ⑤ open cooperation attitude: 4.0 era, it would be an era of cooperation, CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , extending the value chain must be replaced by cross-border cooperation, the Union for the traditional competitive model gradually, while trying to the blocking is to return to the past, the new ecosystem is gradually taking shape in various fields, capital, industrial, consumer, research was interconnected to form a new cross-border business opportunities, promote the industry forward. Change the thinking must first change the thinking of real change, just change the form can not be called a true innovation, innovation is merely Innovation, and the revolution is the Revolution. No change of thought, there is no so-called real “fourth industrial revolution,” Many times we discussed the issue actually is still unrealized past, but that does not mean the real significance within the meaning of 4.0. Does not change the thinking behind the 4.0 to 4.0 will not lead, I want to say is, “any time, to grasp the nature of the problem, if far better than 4.0.”